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文献详情 >The Future of Internet Governa... 收藏
Information today

The Future of Internet Governance Remains Unresolved

作     者:Ashling, Jim jashling@aol.com 

出 版 物:《Information today》 

年 卷 期:2005年第22卷第8期

页      面:24-25页

学科分类:12[管理学] 1205[管理学-图书情报与档案管理] 

主  题:INTERNET -- Government policy TELECOMMUNICATION INFORMATION superhighway INFORMATION technology INTERNATIONAL cooperation CONFERENCES & conventions 

摘      要:This article looks at the state of Internet governance worldwide as of September 2005. The Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG), an independent group charged with deciding how the Internet should be run and governed in the future, has been meeting since November 2004. Its conclusions are to he considered first at this month s Geneva Preparatory Committee meeting and then during the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), which is set to be held in November 2005 in Tunis. WGIG was created solely because governments have been unable to agree on Internet management and control. Divisions exist between those governments that support the existing U.S.-dominated structure provided by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and those that seek more international governance and a greater role for developing nations. The group acknowledged that a degree of internationalization of governance is required, based on the WSIS Declaration of Principles that were adopted in Geneva ,Switzerland in 2003. However, although it identified a vacuum in existing structures for a global forum for the various stakeholders, the group was not able to come up with a single, definitive new model. Instead, the group proposed four possible options: enhance the role of the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC); establish a new body--likely to replace GAC--to address public policy issues; replace GAC with a new UN body to which ICANN would be accountable; and create a new structure of three bodies to cover Internet policy governance, oversight, and global coordination that includes a reformed ICANN.

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